The literacy framework for years 7 – 9 for speaking contains the following points.  At school, children will do a number of activities throughout their lessons to enhance their speaking skills.

Year 7

  • present topics and ideas clearly, using formal language and varying what they say and how they say it to interest listeners, e.g. expression, tone of voice, volume.
  • respond to listeners’ questions and comments constructively and in detail.
  • argue a convincing case using subject knowledge effectively, e.g. in role or debate.

Year 8

  • present topics and ideas coherently, using techniques effectively, e.g. a clear structure, anecdote to illustrate, plausible conclusions.
  • respond to others’ views positively and appropriately when challenged.
  • defend a point of view with information and reasons, e.g. in role or debate.

Year 9

  • present ideas and issues convincingly using a range of techniques for impact, e.g. rhetorical questions, appeals to listeners, gestures.
  • respond to how listeners are reacting by adapting what they say and how they say it.
  • sustain a convincing point of view, anticipating and responding to other perspectives, e.g. in role or debate.


Learners continue to develop their speaking and listening skills, and their skills in contributing to and working with others in groups. In formal presentations they are fluent, they articulate clearly and use a range of techniques, including choice of vocabulary, expression, gestures and eye contact, to convey their ideas. They construct their presentation so that listeners can follow and they adapt their use of language for different purposes effectively. In informal contexts they adapt to the nature and size of the group and use collaborative language, such as suggestions and tentative proposals, to reach shared conclusions.

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